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Building A Roof

Building A Roof

Do you know what your roof is made of and how it has been affixed to the top of your house?

On an ordinary day, we do not think about our roof until there is an issue such as a leak.

When your house was built, it was framed into the shape that you see today. On top of the framing or rafters, sheets of plywood are attached which is then referred to as the roof deck. This will be the area that the roofing material such as shingles will be applied, but before the shingles come out, there are some other steps when building a roof.

We all know that water is the mortal enemy of the roof. Roofs are designed to keep water in the form of rain, sleet, hail, and snow away from your home and also designed to withstand wind that can pick up the shingles and render them useless. To help with that, a roof is designed in layers. The layer that goes onto the roof deck is a piece of felt, a thick material that intercepts water that may get past a damaged shingle. Next goes the drip edge, strips of aluminum or galvanized steel that helps block the wind and rain from the edge of the roof surface in addition to helping to maintain a tight seal.


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Now it’s time for the shingles. Shingles can come in all colors, sizes, and shapes. They can be made of slate, wood, metal, and even recycled tires. By far the most popular shingles are made of asphalt. These shingles have been used for over a hundred years and are beloved by many because they are easy to install, easy to repair, have a great warranty, and are by far the cheapest option available. These shingles start with a felt mat that is then impregnated with asphalt. Granules are then added to the outer layer that helps to prevent UV light damage as well as giving them their unique look. These shingles are placed on the roof deck over top of the felt layer and nailed to each other and the roof deck. A factory applied adhesive that is heat sensitive then allows the shingles to be further attached to the roof and they become self-sealing with the summers hot sun beaming down on them. A roof is only as good as the sum of its parts. Everything overlaps to work together to resist the weather, shedding water, and resisting wind. If a piece of the roof is compromised, it could mean weather gets into the house causing interior damage.


If you are interested in a quote to see what your roof will cost for replacement, give Greenawalt Roofing a call at 717-898-6000 to schedule an appointment with one of our sales representatives.

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WITH GREENAWALT ROOFING, YOU CAN EXPECT AN HONEST ASSESSMENT AND FREE ESTIMATE!

Time to Replace Your Siding

Time to Replace Your Siding

If you have owned your home for a while then you have probably learned the significance of having good siding on your home. Siding is not just to decorate the exterior of your home; though it offers a variety of ways to do that. It serves a very important purpose in protecting your home and your possessions from exterior elements. Harsh weather, insects, and moisture are examples of things that siding is meant to keep on the outside of your home. It is critical that you maintain your siding or it will become ineffective and you may find yourself making frequent repairs or needing to replace it.

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Top 5 Signs That Your Siding Needs To Be Replaced

1. Mold and Mildew

Sadly this is an all too common problem that a lot of homeowners have to deal with; though certain types of siding are more susceptible to it than others. It becomes a serious problem if it reaches the interior of your home. You should be warned that as soon as it becomes visible on the outside then the moisture has begun to penetrate the siding. No matter what part of the siding it is on you will have to look behind it in order to determine the extent of the damage. If it is only in a small area then you might be able to just replace a small section of the siding. If it is widespread then the siding on the entire house will likely need to be replaced.

2. Cracking or Peeling

When you see your siding start to peel, crack, or develop holes then you should plan to replace it. Also if it develops a chalky texture it will need to be replaced soon. Often these signs are symptoms of damage beneath the siding. Be aware that some types of siding are more susceptible to harsh weather than others and will need to be replaced more often.

3. Bending and Twisting

If you see any siding boards that are buckling, bulging, or warping, they will need to be replaced. This is usually caused by moisture that has penetrated the siding and is causing damage behind it. As the problem continues it will begin to rot and push the siding out even further.

4. Peeling on Inside Walls

If you notice the paint or wallpaper on the inside of your home beginning to peel off, this could be a sign of outside damage allowing moisture into your home. If the siding is aging, rotting, beginning to decay, or was incorrectly installed it can let moisture into the interior. This will cause the problem to multiply and create more damage.

5. Separating Seams

Siding that is in good condition should fit together tightly. You should barely be able to see any seems. If the seams are showing signs of separation, the siding needs to be replaced. Seam separation is usually caused by either faulty installation or significant aging. As the cracks develop they will let moisture in and ruin both the siding and your outside walls. You will want to replace your siding at the first sign of separation.

A Failing Roof

A Failing Roof

Our roof isn’t something that we think of often. In fact, we rarely even look at our roofs and usually only become aware of them when we discover a leak in our ceilings. Greenawalt Roofing offers these helpful signs of a failing roof in order to help you save yourself a lot of trouble and expense in the long run.

If your roof is over ten years old there are telltale signs you can look for to spot problems before they damage your home and your wallet. Most of those signs are obvious if you glance up at your roof at least once a month. Algae is very common in humid, warm climates and appears as dark streaks on the shingles. It can impair the integrity of your roof and damage the shingles that protect your home over time. If you live in a damp climate and need a new roof, algae resistant shingles are available.

You may notice curling shingles or ones that are bent or twisted. This can be caused by poor ventilation or because the original work crew did not fasten the shingles correctly. If you have missing shingles they may have been improperly fastened when they were installed or loosened by high winds during a storm.

If you have a new roof you might notice fine grains, like sandpaper grit, coming out of your downspouts after a rain. This is normal, but if your roof is older it may mean your roof is failing. You might also notice buckling, which might appear as a raised line on the roof when viewed from the ground. Buckling can be caused by felt backing that is not properly applied or by a lack of ventilation.

Look at your ceilings, too. Water spots usually mean your roof is leaking. Look in your attic, if you have one, to see if you can spot the leak. If you’re lucky the leak might be caused by damaged flashing around the chimney but if not you may need a new roof. Humans can have symptoms of a failing roof, too. If you or your family has a lot of colds or chronic fatigue it may be due to inhaling mold spores from a failing roof. If you notice any of these signs and symptoms of a failing roof, call Greenawalt Roofing at 717-898-6000 to schedule a free roof replacement estimate today!

Take Your Home Exterior Up a Notch

Take Your Home Exterior Up a Notch

If you noticed your home looking worn out or if you’re ready to make your house stand out in the neighborhood, there are several ways that you can take your home’s exterior curb appeal to the next level. The improvements that you make to your home’s exterior are more than cosmetic. They will also raise the value of your home while making your house the best looking one in the area.

Check out these smart home exterior upgrades that also look great:

Roofing

If you want to make a dramatic change to the look of your home, replacing your roof shingles is a fantastic way to give your house an upgrade. Whether you choose traditional asphalt shingles or choose some of the innovative new roofing products that are on the market right now, changing the color of your roof will make your house look new. If you have noticed that your shingles have dark green algae streaks or if you have seen a few that are curling or coming lose it’s the perfect time to give your home a style upgrade with new shingles.

Siding

Another way to give your home’s curb appeal a boost is to put new siding on your home. While your roof protects your home from the elements, the exterior walls also play a key role in shielding your home and typically do so through the use of siding. The number of siding choices and materials have advanced beyond just aluminum siding with a growing variety of affordable vinyl and polymer siding options for every house. Because of the many types and wide variety of colors and styles, siding plays a key role in the aesthetic appeal of your home.

Doors/Windows

Windows and doors are an important part of your home. Their job is to let in outside light, provide access to the outdoors and protect your home from the elements. They affect the aesthetic appearance and curb appeal of your home. A bold entry featuring a distinctive exterior door paired with a unique window style can be used to make a bold impact.

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These improvements are a great way to invest in your home. But, none of them are very DIY friendly. Call the experienced professionals at Greenawalt Roofing at 717-898-6000 to schedule a free estimate for upgrades and improvements that will boost the value of your home as well as the curb appeal.

Gutter Guards

Gutter Guards

Are gutter guards worth the money?

Gutter cleaning is perhaps one of those home maintenance tasks that most homeowners just hate doing. However, neglecting this annoying chore is not an option either. Clogged gutters can cause severe damage to your roof, windows, and walls.

What are gutter guards?

In the simplest of terms, gutter guards are covers for your gutters. These covers are designed to keep the debris out but allow the rain water and snow melt to go through the gutters. The best part is that they can be installed during the gutter installation or can be added at a later date.

Not all gutter guards are the same. There are four different types of gutter guards that you can choose to install.

  • Screen-type guards are the most straight forward gutter guards that you can install. They are made by cutting PVC or aluminum screening and placing them on top of the gutters. Just remember that these can’t keep small items such as pine needles and small leaves out.

  • Foam-type guards are strips of very porous foam that can be placed on top of the gutters. The foam allows water to pass through freely but traps the solids on the top.

  • Surface Tension gutter guards are curved plastic covers that direct the rain water and snow melt into the gutters while keeping the debris out. These are sophisticated guards that need to be installed by a professional.

  • Micro-mesh gutter guards have thousands of miniature holes that allow the water to pass through but prevent debris. These are the best gutter covers that you can install and block almost all type of trash from entering your gutters. If you choose to install these, you will need the help of a roofing professional.

Although installing gutter guards can significantly reduce the instance of clogged gutters, it won’t eliminate the need to clean your gutters entirely. You will need to take some time out to clean out the rubbish from the gutter guards themselves.

However, gutter guards do an excellent job of preventing water damage to your roof due to clogged gutters.

For what they do, gutter guards are an excellent investment for your property. They can efficiently prevent clogged gutters and the potential roof and wall damage that comes with it.

Window Renovation

Window Renovation

All through winter, you may have felt the drafts creeping in along your window frames, noticed condensation gathering inside the glass, or experienced surging energy bills as your heat escaped with every cold snap. Spring is the perfect time to finally start that window renovation you’ve been putting off.

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What are the signs you need a window renovation/replacement?

First look for visible damages, such as worn weather stripping or faulty latches, which only necessitates a repair, not a full replacement. But if you see peeling paint, warping, rotting, water-damaged wood, or foggy condensation, you’ll likely need to invest in a full window replacement.

Next, be aware of the not-so-visible signs. Maybe you’ve felt a draft near a closed window or notice that the outside noises can be strongly heard inside. Similarly, if you struggle to open or close your windows, it could be a sign that age and moisture have damaged the windows to the point that they are no longer operable and should be replaced.

Finally, if your energy bills are high year-round, now is the time for a window renovation using energy efficient windows installed by a professional. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, heat gain and heat loss through windows are responsible for 25% to 30% of residential heating and cooling energy use. 

Replacing existing windows can potentially result in significant energy savings. Keep in mind, however, that windows are only one part of the equation. Other factors like your roof, siding, and doors play a role in energy efficiency and savings, too!

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Your Window Options

Materials: Window frames can be made from several different types of materials, all offering different benefits.  

  • Aluminum: Lightweight, durable, & easy to create custom shapes

  • Wood: Good insulator & great aesthetics

  • Vinyl: Low maintenance, durable, good insulator, & the most affordable window option

  • Composite: Reuse sawdust (“green” factor); can be painted and/or made to look like wood

  • Hybrid: Combine the best of different products

  • Glass: There are four basic types of treated window panes on the market: Single, double, triple, or quad glazed. These terms refer to the number of panes encased in the frame.

In addition, glazing and coatings are applied to keep heat out in the summertime and in during the winter months. These materials also block ultraviolet rays, reducing the effect of direct light on upholstery and other items in the home. More glazing generally means more energy efficiency.

The three types of coatings often used to treat the window panes are low-emissivity (low-e), reflective and spectrally sensitive.

Style: There are a lot more options out there, but here are the five most common window types.

  • Double Hung: Most popular option. It consists of two sashes that move up and down, allowing for half of the window to be open at a time.

  • Casement: Another popular option, casement windows are hinged vertically to open and close like a door. These are often operated with a crank or handle.

  • Awning: Similar to casement windows, but are hinged horizontally. When opened, they resemble an awning shape.

  • Sliding: These windows slide to open, moving on top and bottom tracks. They open on one half and have a vertical meeting rail.

  • Bow and Bay: Generally larger, these windows are built to project outward from an outside wall. The windows “bow” out forming a “bay” in the room.

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Match the Look & Feel of Your Home

Just as every home has a unique architectural design, so should your windows. It’s important to choose new windows that stay true to your home’s distinct style.

For example, if you have a Colonial or Victorian style home, you might consider opting for double-hung windows. A California Rancher style home would be unthinkable without sliding glass windows, and a casement style window can be found in almost all period revival home styles.

 Benefits of New Windows

There are many benefits of a window renovation project, from the seemingly mundane (new windows are easier to clean) to the more esoteric (improving the appearance and comfort of your home).

Then, there’s the fact that new windows have the potential to save you money in terms of energy efficiency, and even increase the value of your home when you decide to sell. New windows can also block harmful UV rays, which damage carpet and furniture, saving you on those replacement costs as well.

Finally, there’s the fact that new windows also improve security and safety since old, faulty windows can make it easier for criminals to gain entry into your home.

Is it time to replace your windows? 

 
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If your windows are drafty, foggy, damaged, or do not function properly anymore, consider new replacement windows! Call Greenawalt Roofing at 717-898-6000 to schedule your free estimate today!

Updating Your Home's Exterior

Updating Your Home's Exterior

Your home exterior says a lot about your personality, and if you feel the character of your home doesn’t accurately reflect your own, then you can completely change, update, and revamp the look of your house with exterior remodeling. Redoing the outside of your house is a big job and requires a lot of decisions regarding materials, style, architecture, and design, so there are some important things you should keep in mind when planning your remodel. And in case you’re not sure where to start, here are three important rules to consider when you decide it’s time for an exterior update.

1. Don’t Stand Out Like a Sore Thumb

If you were to look around your neighborhood right now, you’d probably be able to pick out a few elements that pop up over and over again in different houses. These are themes, and every neighborhood will have its own unique design themes. When you’re updating your home’s exterior, you don’t have to make your house look identical to your neighbor’s, but you also don’t want it looking entirely dissimilar.

For instance, if all your neighbors have painted their homes in muted Earth tones, then your home would stand out if you opted to repaint it bright pink. Similarly, if all the homes around are century homes in a traditional style, your house would be very conspicuous if you modernized the exterior. You can still express your own style and individuality through your exterior remodeling, but try to keep the look and style of the rest of the community.

2. Understand How Siding Will Change the Look of Your Home

Siding doesn’t just protect and insulate your house: it makes a statement. The material and siding style you choose can completely change the look of your home, and picking one siding over another will produce very different results for your exterior remodeling. When it comes to siding materials, here are a few of your choices:

Vinyl siding is affordable and low-maintenance, it cannot be painted over, and it’s available in a variety of styles, including shingles, board and batten, and dutchlap.

Fiber cement siding is resistant to fire, wind, termites, and rot, it looks like wood but is lower maintenance, and it can be textured to look like brick, stone, and other materials.

Steel is low maintenance, fire resistant, durable, and imparts a very modern feel to any house.

3. Look to Your Environment for Design Ideas

The geography and surroundings of your house should inspire the look and feel of your home exterior design plan. For instance, you can’t go wrong by opting for stucco siding and terra cotta colors if you live in the heart of canyon country. Similarly, blues and greens are great paint choices if you live near the ocean. Or, if you live in the country, imagine how at-home your house would look with stone siding and design elements that reflect the hills. By using nature and geography as your guide, your house won’t look out of place in its surroundings, and this will make your home welcoming and inviting.

Home exterior remodeling is a big project, and there are lots of things to consider before you start work. For more information about your remodeling options, design and style choices, and material possibilities, contact Greenawalt Roofing to schedule your free estimate today!

Choose the Perfect Shingle Color for You!

Choose the Perfect Shingle Color for You!

A new roof isn’t something you invest in every year, which is why you want to make sure that the one you choose—the shingle type, style, and color—will be suited to your needs and preferences.

1. Choose the Right Type of Shingle

One of the first things you’ll have to decide is what type of shingles you want for your roof. Greenawalt Roofing has the option between Certainteed Landmark shingles and TAMKO Heritage shingles.

2. Select the Style of Shingle and Features That Will Be Best

Factors to take into account include:

  • Appearance: How much dimension do you want your shingles to have? Architectural shingles are designed to provide a shadow effect that gives your roof an ultra-dimensional look.

  • Algae Defence: If you live in an algae-prone area, look for shingles that feature built-in guards against discolouration.

  • Fire Protection: To keep your home and everything in it safe, your shingles should have a Class A fire rating (the most effective against severe exposure).

Don’t forget to think about environmental conditions as well. If you live in an area that tends to get buffered by high winds or dumped with snow, your shingles need to be ready to stand up to the challenges Mother Nature has in store for them.

3. Find the Ideal Color

After you know the type and style of shingle you want, it’s time to choose the color. It sounds simple at the start, but don’t be surprised if this is the hardest part of the process:

  • Think about Your Home’s Aesthetics: While one type of shingle might work on a Tudor-style home, you might find that it clashes with other fashions (like Ranch or Colonial).

  • Don’t Forget Curb Appeal: If you might be selling your home in the next few years, going with a neutral color for your shingles is a good way to keep your roof current. Don’t be afraid to add some flare with a more striking pallet, though, if that suits your home’s overall personality.

  • Survey Your Neighborhood: Does one of your neighbors have a roof that catches your eye? Ask them what type of shingles they have and who installed them. Knowing what your neighbors have can also make it easier to figure out what unique routes you can take if you want your house to stand out.

Keep in mind that if your home is part of an association, there might be rules in place surrounding appropriate shingle colors.

In addition to speaking with your roofer about what will look best on your home and roof, you can also use online tools like the Certainteed Colorview or TAMKO StyleSelect. These tools help you explore different color combinations before visualizing them on your own home.

Whatever type and color of shingles you choose, the key is to find ones that are well matched to your home and will deliver lasting performance for many years to come.

Important Parts of Your Roof

Important Parts of Your Roof

Most homeowners know how important their home’s roofing system is, but few actually know what makes it work, specifically, the integral parts of the roof that play a role in safeguarding your family from the elements. There are three major keys to a successful roofing system.

1. Roof Decking

The deck of your roof is the base on which every component is laid. It’s essentially the “foundation” of the entire structure. Material for the decking varies. The most common is oriented strand board or plywood, but newer homes have decking made of other materials, such as concrete, polystyrene, and even metal.

2. Underlayment

The underlayment is another integral component of your entire roofing system. This one is installed directly on top of the decking and, as its name suggests, under your asphalt shingles. This is usually made of a durable paper, and it serves as a secondary leak barrier that prevents moisture from entering the inside of your roof if it manages to go through the shingles.

Problems with the underlayment are serious due to its position under the roof surface. It’s often included in the roof replacement process since a new roof requires a new underlayment as well.

3. Flashing

Flashing is a common sight on sloped roofs, located on the front edge, corners, and ridges. These thin metal strips protect the most vulnerable parts of the roof from water damage. These components are one of the first things to look at when you’re doing a roofing project as they tend to wear out much faster than the rest of the roof. Timely replacement of roof flashing can prevent more expense roofing issues.

As your trusted local roofing company, Greenawalt Roofing will make sure the most integral parts of your roof are in good condition throughout the year. Call us today at (717) 898-6000 to schedule your free roof replacement estimate! We serve homeowners in Lancaster, PA and the surrounding areas.

Damage to Windows

Damage to Windows

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When the weather changes, windows can get stress cracks. Stress cracks can occur with drastic changes in outside temperature. These can also occur when the inside of your house has a large temperature difference from the outside.

You may also notice that some windows in your home have fog or condensation between the glass. This means that the seal is broken and moisture is getting between the panes. A broken seal on a window will remove almost any energy efficiency features from the window. The solution for this issue is to replace the whole window unit.

These days vinyl windows can be customized to anything you want. The outside part of the vinyl can be customized to match the color of your home. The outside can also be capped in any accent color. Your grid pattern can also be custom created, giving the exact feel that you want. Windows should only be installed by someone who is experienced in window installations. Otherwise you could end up with the same problems with your windows that you had before, or worse.

 

At Greenawalt Roofing, we can review all the options and styles to help you make the best choice for your home. We recommend and install MI windows which are manufactured in the United States and backed by a Limited Lifetime Customer Assurance Warranty.